Birth: 20 December 1791

Place or Registered Place of Birth: Erlestoke, Wiltshire

Baptism: Not Known

Place of Baptism: Not Known

Death: 2 March 1883 - Aged 91

Place or Registered Place of Death: Horsham, Sussex

Father: Charles Compton, 1st Marquess of Northampton (1760-1828)

Mother: Maria Smith (1766-1843)

Spouse(s): Charles Scrace Dickins

Date of Marriage: 18 February 1829

Place or Registered Place of Marriage: St. George's, Hanover Square, Middlesex


William Drummond Scrace Dickins (1832-1914)
Charles Scrace Spencer Dickins (1830-1884)
Compton Alwyne Dickins (1831-1884)
Anne M. Dickins (1833-)


Charles Compton, 1st Marquess of Northampton was born at Castle Ashby in Northamptonshire on 21 March 1760. Charles died, aged 68, on 24 May 1828 at Dresden in Germany. His body was returned to England and buried at Castle Ashby in Northamptonshire.

Maria (Mary) Smith was born about 1766 at Horsley Woodhouse in Derbyshire and was baptised there on 23 February of that year. Maria died at Brighton in Sussex on 24 March 1843 and was buried at Castle Ashby in Northamptonshire.

Charles Compton and Maria Smith were married at Stoke Park in Wiltshire on 18 August 1787.

Charles Compton, 1st Marquess of Northampton (24 March 1760 – 24 May 1828), known as Lord Compton from 1763 to 1796 and as the Earl of Northampton from 1796 to 1812, was a British peer and politician.

Northampton was the son of Spencer Compton, 8th Earl of Northampton, and his wife Jane (née Lawton). He was elected to the House of Commons for Northampton in 1784, a seat he held until 1796 when he succeeded his father in the earldom and entered the House of Lords. His cousin Spencer Perceval, later Prime Minister, replaced him as Member of Parliament for Northampton. Lord Northampton also served as Lord Lieutenant of Northamptonshire. In 1812 he was created Baron Wilmington, of Wilmington in the County of Sussex, Earl Compton, of Compton in the County of Warwick, and Marquess of Northampton.

Lord Northampton married Maria, daughter of Joshua Smith, in 1787. He died in May 1828, aged 68, and was succeeded in his titles by his son Spencer. Lady Northampton died in 1843.

The House of Commons, 1790-1820
Compton, Charles, Lord Compton (1760-1828), of Castle Ashby, Northants.
Northampton 1784-7 Apr. 1796
b. 21 Mar, 1760, o.s. of Spencer Compton, 8th Earl of Northampton, by 1st w. Jane, da. and h. of Henry Lawton of Northampton. educ. Westminster 1768-70; Ealing scc.; Trinity Coll. Camb. 1776. m. 18 Aug. 1787, Mary, da. of Johua Smith of Erlestoke Park, Wilts., 3s. 1da. suc. fa. as 9th Earl of Northampton 7 Apr. 1796; cr. Mq. of Northampton 7 Sept. 1812.
Ld. lt. Northants. 1796-d.; recorder, Northampton 1796-d.
Col. Northants. militia 1784-98; brevet col. 1794-8.

The Gentleman's Magazine, Volume 98
The Marquess of Northampton
May 24. At Dresden, aged 68, the Most Honourable Charles Compton, first Marquess of Northampton, Earl Compton, and Baron Wilmington; ninth Earl of Northampton; Lord Lieutenant and Custos Rotulorum of the County, and Recorder of the Town, of Northampton ; and F. S. A.

His Lordship was born March 31, 1760, the only son of Spencer the eighth Earl; his mother was the Earl's first Countess, Jane, daughter of Henry Lawson, Esq. He was a Nobleman of Trinity College, Cambridge, where he took the degree of M. A. in 1779. At the General Election in 1784, he was returned one of the Burgesses in Parliament for the town of Northampton, where his family have always possessed great interest; and he continued its representative in that and the following Parliament until he succeeded to the Earldom on the death of his father, April 7, 1796. He was at the same time Colonel of the Northamptonshire Militia ; and he succeeded his father as Lord Lieutenant and Custos Rotulorum of the County.

On the 7th of September, 1813, his first cousin the Right Hon. Spencer Perceval being then Prime Minister, his Lordship was raised to the title of Marquess of Northampton, to which were added those of Earl Compton, and Baron Wilmington, co. Sussex. The last of these, the Barony of Wilmington, was in memory of his great-great-uncle, Sir Spencer Compton, K. B. a younger son of the third Earl of Northampton, who, being a principal statesman in the reign of George I., was created Baron Wilmington, in 1738, and Earl of Wilmington in 1730, and was also invested with the Garter in 1733, but died unmarried in 1743. A new square on the estates of the Marquess near Pentonville, (inherited from Sir John Spencer, Lord Mayor of London in 1594, and father-in-law of the first Earl,) has received the name of Wilmington Square. It may also be remarked, with regard to this accession of honours to the house of Compton, that the family were before its acquisition unprovided with a second title; for the ancient Barony of Compton, being a Barony in fee, had separated from the Earldom on the death of the fifth Earl and sixth Baron in 1754( and was carried by his daughter and sole heiress Charlotte, together with the Barony of Ferrars of Chartley, to which she had succeeded jure matris in 1749, to the Townshend family, and it is now vested in her grandson, the present Marquess Townshend.

The Marquess of Northampton married, August 18, 1787, Mary, eldest daughter of Joshua Smith, Esq. of Earl Stoke Park in Wiltshire, and M. P. for Devises. By that lady, who survives him, he had issue : 1. Spencer, who was born on the 8th and died on the 28th of June, 1788 ; 2, Spencer-Joshua-Alwyne, now Marquess of Northampton, who married in 1815 Margaret, daughter of General Clephane, and has several children; 3, Smith, born on the 7th and died on the 18th of December, 1790; and 4, Frances Elizabeth.

The remains of the Marquess have been brought to England, and deposited in the family vault at Castle Ashby in Northamptonshire.

Daughter of Joshua Smith who lived at Erle Stoke Park in Wiltshire and M.P. for Devizes.

The Baronetage of England
Joshua Smith, of Stoke Park, in Wiltshire, Esq. the eldest son, M. P. for Devizes, married Sarah, daughter of Nathaniel Gilbert, Esq., of Antigua, by whom he has four daughters, 1, Mary, was wife of Charles Compton, Earl of Northampton; 2, Elizabeth, of William Chute, of the Vine, Esq. M. P. for Hampshire; 3, Augusta, of Charles Smith, of Suttons, in Essex, Esq. M. P. for Westbury ; and 4, Emma, unmarried.

The Gentleman's Magazine, Volume 174 - 1843
March 24. At the house of her daughter Lady Elizabeth Dickins, at Brighton, aged 80, the Most Hon. Mary Dowager Marchioness of Northampton. She was the eldest dau. of the late Joshua Smith, esq. of Earlstoke Park, Wilts, and married, on the 18th Aug. 1787, Charles, first and late Marquess of Northampton, by whom she had four children, two of whom died in their infancy, the present Marquess of Northampton, and Lady Frances Elizabeth Dickins. Her remains were conveyed to Castle Ashby for interment.

The children of Charles Compton and Maria Smith were:

Spencer Compton (1788-1788)
Spencer Joshua Alwyne Compton (1790-1851)
Smith Compton (1790-1790)
Frances Elizabeth Smith Compton (1791-1883)

Lady Frances Elizabeth Smith Compton