Birth: 1810 - Circa
Place or Registered Place of Birth: Glasgow, Lanarkshire, Scotland
Baptism: Not Known
Place of Baptism: Not Known
Death: 10 May 1871 - Aged 61
Place or Registered Place of Death: Aldershot, Hampshire (Reg. Farnham, Hants.)
Father: Archibald Douglas
Mother: Anna McNeill
Spouse(s): Rosa Maria Paget
Date of Marriage: 10 March 1842
Place or Registered Place of Marriage: St. George's, Hanover Square, London, Middlesex
John Douglas of Glenfinart, Argyleshire.
The Annual Register - March 1842
10. At St. George's, Hanovcr-squarc, Capt. Douglas, of Prince Albert's Hussars, only son of Archibald Douglas, esq., of Glenfinart, Argyleshire, to Rosa, daughter of the late Right Hon. Sir Arthur Paget, G.C.B.
Assistant Adjutant-General for Cavalry.
Maj.-Gen. John Douglas was invested as a Companion, Order of the Bath (C.B.). He gained the rank of Major-General in the service of the 11th Hussars. He lived at Glenfinart, Argyllshire, Scotland.
The Charge of the Light Brigade - 1854
The scene was set for one of the most glorious, if not senseless engagements in British military history. Cardigan turned away and (supposedly) muttered 'Here goes the last of the Brudenells.' As the divisional commander left, he ordered the 11th Hussars (Lt Col John Douglas) to move out of the first line with the 13th Light Dragoons (Captain John Oldham) and 17th Lancers (Captain William Morris), to a position behind the 17th Lancers, becoming the second line. What was now the third line had the 8th Hussars (Lt Col Frederick Shewell) and 4th Light Dragoons (Lt Col Lord George Paget) in it. Each regiment would be in extended line, two deep. He also gave Cardigan a final warning: 'Advance very steadily and quietly'. The guns were 1¼ miles away and horses and riders should not arrive too tired after a prolonged gallop.
The 11th Prince Albert's Own Hussars - 1840-1969
Ensign 61st Foot 18th July 1829
79th Highlanders 25th July 1829
Lieutenant 79th 25th Oct 1833
Captain 79th 11th May 1839
Captain 11th Light Dragoons 15th Nov 1839
Major 11th Hussars 24th Dec 1852
Lt-Col 11th H 20th July 1854
Colonel of the Army 20th June 1857
Half Pay 1859
Major General 6th March 1868
Died Aldershot 10th May 1871
Annual Register - Volume 113 - 1872
Major General Douglas
Major General John Douglas, C.B., commanding the Cavalry Brigade at Aldershot, was found dead in his bed on the.......
John Douglas led the 11th Hussars in the Charge of the Light Brigade. He survived without serious wound. He had been brought into the regiment by Lord Cardigan and as such, was one of Cardigan's supporters to the extent that he acted as second to the Earl in the duel with Captain Harvey Tuckett on Wimbledon Common on 12th September 1840. Tuckett, a former officer of the 11th and a popular hero of Bhurtpore had infuriated Cardigan by writing letters to the Morning Chronicle criticising Cardigan's treatment of his officers. Douglas was sent round to see Tuckett and demand an apology. This failed so the duel was fought with the result that Tuckett was severely wounded. Cardigan was tried by a friendly judge for illegal duelling and wounding, and was ludicrously discharged. Captain Douglas was also tried as an accessory to attempted murder and also acquitted.
John Douglas was indicted that he, on the 12th of September, 1840, at Wandsworth, with a certain pistol loaded with gunpowder and a leaden bullet, at and against Harvey Garnett Phipps Tuckett, feloniously and unlawfully did shoot, with intent thereby, &c., feloniously, wilfully, and of his malice aforethought, to kill and murder him.—2nd Count, with intent to maim and disable him.—3rd Count, to do some grievous bodily harm.
Thomas Hunt Dann . I am constable of the parish of Wimbledon—I have a house and mill on Wimbledon-common—I was at home about five o'clock in the afternoon of Saturday, the 12th of September last—I saw a four-wheel gentleman's private carriage, drawn by two horses, just against Mr. Currie's, nearly a quarter of a mile from my place—it was on the road which turns off the high road, leading to the mill, about 100 yards from the high road which leads from Wandsworth to Wimbledon—I saw two gentlemen coming from it, making their way further on the common—they divided, one went into Wandsworth parish, and one remained in Wimbledon—about the same time I saw another carriage on the high road—the two carriages were about a quarter of a mile apart—I saw two gentlemen come from that carriage, and divide, one meeting the other in Wandsworth parish, and one going into Putney parish—I then suspected it was a duel, and called my wife upon the stage of the mill to watch—I attended to the mill for a few minutes—as soon as my wife called to me, and said she thought it was a duel, I went into the house and got my staff, with intent to go to the ground—I went towards the ground where the gentlemen were then assembled, and in the act of firing—there were four gentlemen there, two were firing—there were two shots fired just as I got to my gate, which is 220 yards from the ground—I heard the noise—I then advanced towards the spot—I got within about fifteen yards of the spot when the second shots were fired—two of the gentlemen were standing side face to each other, about twelve yards apart, and two were to the right of them—I heard two reports—I thought the gentleman nearest me was wounded, because he put his hand to his head, and stood limping, for that reason I went to the furthermost—I afterwards understood the wounded man to be Captain Tuckett—the other one that was standing with his face sideways was Lord Cardigan—I do not see any of those who were on the right, to be positive.—(At the request of Captain Douglas, three gentlemen were allowed to sit with him is the bar)—I went up to Lord Cardigan—I know nothing more of my own knowledge as to the gentleman being hit—I did not see any blood—I did not observe whether his coat, waistcoat, or trowsers were torn, as if by a shot—he walked rather lame afterwards, as he went up to my house from the ground—I had no acquaintance with Captain Tuckett before, or with any of the other parties—he gave me a card with "Captain Harvey Tuckett" on it—I had no other knowledge of his names than what he gave me—I am not certain who gave me the card, either Captain Tuckett or Captain Wainwright gave it me, as they were described to me, but I do not know either of them—I know no more of the persons who were standing to my right—my attention was then chiefly drawn to Lord Cardigan—I bad some conversation with him.
Cross-examined by Mr. Thesiger. Q. How long have you been constable of Wimbledon? A. Two years—my first appointment was from the Court Leet—I carry on business as a miller—I had some notion of what the parties were about—I was in my mill about five or ten minutes, after giving my wife instructions about going on the stage of the mill, I went on my business, and was absent a quarter of an hour, it might be—I have been examined on this matter several times—I was before the Grand Jury three times in one day, on different indictments—some of them were thrown out—I will not undertake to say how many—there were true bills found against Lord Cardigan and Captain Douglas—I gave the same evidence that I have to-day—my wife, and my son, and Busain, were before the Grand Jury.
Sarah Dann . I am the wife of Thomas Hunt Dann—I was at home about five o'clock on the 12th of September last—I had not observed any thing before my husband spoke to me—my husband gave me some intimation—in consequence of that, I went to the slage of the mill—I saw five gentlemen in different directions on Wimbledon Common—I cannot say how far they were asunder—I saw one carriage standing on the road leading to the mill, and one on the high road—there were two gentlemen stooping down opposite the gate of the mill, about two hundred yards from the mill—they were stooping down three or four minutes—they got up again when they had been down three or four minutes—there was no other gentlemen near them—the others were walking at a distance, where they were before—they then drew near to the gentlemen who had been kneeling down—they were beckoned to by the two gentlemen who had been kneeling down, and they hastened towards them—when they came up, the two that beckoned them, handed each of them a pistol—upon that, the two gentlemen who had received the pistols, turned a side face to each other, and fired—there were two pistols fired—I heard two reports near each other—about that time I gave information to my husband, immediately after the first shot—he was just outside the gate—I called to him to run—he was going towards them—I did not go any nearer—I saw another shot fired—I was still standing on the same place, on the stage of the mill—the second shots were fired as soon as they had received the second pistols—they stepped a few paces and got the pistols, and then stepped back into the same place—the fifth man was standing at a greater distance, at the end of Mr. Currie's garden, about two hundred yards from the others—the garden is between the high road from Putney to Wimbledon and our mill—after the second shots had been fired, I remained on the stage of my mill—the gentlemen moved towards the mill—two came first, and three afterwards—I saw the two that came first, move from the spot where the firing had been, towards the mill—they went past the mill into our house—I was still upon the stage—the other three had not passed—I saw them coming close to the gate, before I went off the stage—I can say that the two that first came, and two out of the three that came the second lime, were the four that had been standing, as I describe, when the firing book place—I am sure of that—I saw the fifth join them, from Carrie's garden—I had never seen any of these parties before, to my knowledge—I am not certain that I should know the whole of them—I should know some if I saw them—I should know Lord Cardigan, and I think I should know Captain Wainwright—I think the second gentleman from me at the bar (Captain Douglas) is the gentleman that was wounded—I do not know that I see any other gentleman that was there—I did not see any other persons there besides the four that had been standing on the ground, and the one that came up from Currie's garden, and my husband and son—of those five gentlemen that came up, one was wounded, and I think the gentleman is the bar resembles him—I cannot swear to him—the reason I think the gentleman was wounded was, he unfastend his clothes—there was no tear on his trowsers or coat as if a shot had passed through—I did not see any blood—I saw them apparently place a white handkerchief on the place that he jointed out on his hip, when his clothes were undone—I saw a basin of discoloured water, and a stained towel, after they had left the room—they had asked for water of me—the water had been stained from washing a wound, I suppose—it appeared to be stained with blood, and so did the towel—I was not before the Justices at Wandsworth—I was before the Grand Jury—I never appeared as a witness, until I was in the House of Lords.
Sebastian Byron Dann . I am fourteen years old, and am the son of Thomas Hunt Dann. I was at home about five o'clock in the evening of the 12th of September—I was with my mother, on the stage of the mill—I observed two carriages, one was on the road leading from the high towards our mill from the common, and the other on the high itself—I saw five gentlemen when J was at the gate, and they were on the common; two in one part, two in another, and one by himself, at the corner of Mr. Currie's garden—the first two were on the common together, and the other two were together—the first two were in Wimbledon parish, and the other two were in Putney parish—the two parties separated, and walked about for a little while—one of each party then joined, they went and knelt down together—I saw them get up, and go and stand back to back—the other two were walking about at that time—the two that knelt down then walked five or six paces, and beckoned to the other two—when the two were beckoned to they were separate, and two gentlemen came up accordingly—when they came up, they each took a pistol and fired at each other—they stood side-face—there were two shots fired—it was both together—I am sure there were two reports—there were two smokes from the pistols—the reports were together—it was one sound, as if it had been one pistol—I then came down from the stage of the mill, and went behind my father about fifty yards—we were going towards them—as we were going, I saw and heard another shot—it sounded as one—there were two smokes—when I got to the gentlemen I found one of them was wounded, and I saw the fifth man undo his trowsers—I saw some blood just on the hip—the gentleman put his hand to his side, and walked very limping—I went with them to our mill—I walked with all of them—one was gone for a carriage—two of the gentlemen walked on, and two were behind with my father—I saw them both upon the ground, and walking towards our house —all five—I did not know any of them before—I have since seen Lord Cardigan, the one who shot—I have not seen any other since—I cannot say that I see any in this Court that were upon the spot on that day—I cannot see any one that I can recognise—I do not know any of the gentlemen that are sitting in the bar, as being the gentlemen either upon the ground or at our house—I was not before the Magistrates at Wandsworth—I have been before the Grand Jury, and been examined before the House of Lords and at the Home-office—when the gentleman whose trowsers were undone came out of the bouse, he was put into a carriage and drove off, and two more gentlemen with him in the same carriage—I do not know any of the five but the Earl of Cardigan.
Sir James Eglinton Anderson . I am a physician. My answering whether I was at Wimbledon on the 12th of September last may involve myself in some difficulty—I trust your Lordship will not press it—I am apprehensive that, answering that question, I may be in some difficulty, and have some charge brought against me—any question affecting Captain Tuckett may implicate myself—I do not know where Captain Tuckett is.
Q. How long is it since you have seen him?
A. The whole bearing of the question would lead ultimately to implicate myself in this transaction—I trust your Lordship will not press me to answer.
Q. Was he well or ill when you last saw him?
A. I fear the same answer must be given to that.
Q. Then I understand you to object to answer any questions respecting a visit to Wimbledon in September last?
A. I do—I am afraid of implicating myself.
John Busain . I am police-inspector of Wandsworth. I was so in September last—a little before six o'clock in the evening of the 12th of September last two cases of duelling-pistols were given me by Dann the miller—I have still the custody of them—they are here—I know Lord Cardigan—he came into the station before the pistols were delivered—I know nothing of the duel—Captain Douglas was with Lord Cardigan—he gave his name, "John Douglas, Captain of the 11th Hussars," by word of mouth—that was on Saturday evening, before there was any inquiries before the Justices—they did not go before the Justices till Monday morning—I took down the charge from Dann, who gave charge of them—it was taken in writing—I have not got it here—I was not ordered to bring it—I had it at the House of Lords—I took down Captain Douglas's address, "At Lord Cardigan's, No. 26, Portman-square"—I took down what Captain Douglas said in writing, in the original sheet, which is always sent in to Whitehall—I took down the name of Captain Douglas in writing, as well as the charge preferred by Dann against Lord Cardigan and Captain Douglas—I know the person of Captain Douglas—he is the second gentleman sitting, from here, in the bar—Lord Cardigan and he were together in the station till they were bailed, which was almost immediately after—when Lord Cardigan came in, he said he was a prisoner, he believed—I said, "What for?"—his lordship put his hand into his pocket to give me a card, and he dropped some—I took them up—he gave me one—he said he was a prisoner, he believed—I said, "What for?"—he said, he had been fighting a duel, he believed, and as Captain Douglas came up the steps, he pointed his fingers over his shoulder, and said, "So is this gentleman also, my second, Captain Douglas"—a' part of the conversation took place before Captain Dougras came up; and Lord Cardigan said he was a prisoner, he believed—Captain Douglas could hear that—he was close euough to have heard it—I do not remember that he made any remark upon it—Captain Douglas did not say any thing—I should think my station at Wandfworth is two miles from the mill at Wimbledon—it was about a quarter to six in the evening of the 12th of September when they were brought to the station.
Cross-examined by Mr. Thesiger. Q. As I understand, Dann the miller came with a charge to you? A. Yes, and I took down the charge in the charge sheet—the prosecutor signs it, it is then taken before the Magistrate at the earliest sitting, and after the Magistrate signs his name, and marks off his decision, it is sent to the superintendent's office, and then sent to the commissioners, where it is kept—the station is nearly in the centre of the town of Wandsworth—there are only two steps to the door, one stone step, and the door-sill—Lord Cardigan had been in the station a minute before he pointed, as I have described—a conversation had taken place between me and him—there was no other person in the station—the station is very small, it is not larger than this lobby—Lord Cardigan was in the outer room at this time, which was separated from the little room by a wooden partition—he had his back to the door of entry, facing the fire—I was between him and the door—I was farther from the door of entry than Lord Cardigan—when Lord Cardigan pointed, Captain Douglas had just stepped up to the door-sill—he had just come into the office—it takes no time to come up the steps—it is true that when Lord Cardigan said what he did, Captain Douglas was coming up the steps—I was close by Lord Cardigan—there was not the least occasion for Lord Cardigan to speak loud to make me hear.
Court. Q. When this was actioned by Lord Cardigan, was any writing going on?
A. No, it was before I began to take the charge—Captain Douglas gave his name and address when I was writing the charge.
Thomas Bicknell . I am superintendent of the V division of police, which embraces Wandsworth and Wimbledon. I have no evidence to give, farther than being public prosecutor.
Thomas Hunt Dann re-examined. There were five gentlemen altogether in the yard—I can undertake to say that those five were the four that were on the ground, and the fifth at Currie's garden—I am sure of that—a card was given me by some one, who I understood was Captain Tuckett, or Captain Wainwright—the other two were close to me at the time—they were all five in the yard—Lord Cardigan was farthest from me—I do not remember any thing being said when the card was given me, any more than it was a card of their address—this is the card—(producing it.)
Thomas Bicknell re-examined. I was bound over to prosecute—there is the Magistrate's clerk from Wandsworth here, named Fletcher—I am not aware what description of evidence he has to give.
George Charles Fletcher. I was subpœned a few days ago by Mr. Hobler, the solicitor for the prosecution, and I attended here in consequence—I know nothing of the transaction except the circumstances which took place before the Magistrates—I am their clerk—the depositions were returned to this Court, they did not go to the House, of Lords in the first instance—there were other depositions taken besides those on the previous examination of the prisoners, and the substance of them is embodied in this evidence, which is the final examination—I am not aware of any evidence except those whose names have been called.
There being no proof of Captain Tuckett's Christian names, the prisoner was Acquitted.
Maj.-Gen. John Douglas, C.B.