Birth: 1 January 1759

Place or Registered Place of Birth: Charles St., Fulbeck, Lincolnshire

Baptism: 7 January 1759

Place of Baptism: St. James, Piccadilly, London

Death: 12 December 1841 - aged 82

Place or Registered Place of Death: Marine Parade, Brighton, Sussex

Father: John Fane, 9th Earl of Westmorland

Mother: Augusta Bertie

Spouse(s): Sarah Anne Child

Date of Marriage: 20 May 1782

Place or Registered Place of Marriage: Gretna Green, Dumfries and Galloway, Scotland


Sarah Sophia Fane (1785-1867)
John Fane (1784-1859)
Augusta Jane Fane (1786-1871)
Maria Fane (1787-1834)
Charlotte Fane (1793-1822)


John Fane, 10th Earl of Westmorland was the son of John Fane, 9th Earl of Westmorland, and Augusta, daughter of Lord Montague Bertie. He succeeded in the earldom on the death of his father in 1774.

In 1789 Westmorland was appointed Joint Postmaster General by William Pitt the Younger and sworn of the Privy Council. Already the same year he was appointed Lord Lieutenant of Ireland by Pitt, a post he held until 1794. From 1795 to 1798 he was Master of the Horse under Pitt. The latter year Pitt made him Lord Privy Seal, a position he would hold under five prime Ministers (Pitt, Addington, Pitt again, Portland, Perceval and Liverpool) for the next 35 years, except between 1806 and 1807 when Lord Grenville was in office.

Westmorland was also Lord Lieutenant of Northamptonshire between 1828 and 1841. He was made a Knight of the Garter in 1793.

Piccadilly in Three Centuries, etc By Arthur Irwin Dasent - pp. 242-244
Robert Child, head of the great banking establishment at Temple Bar, began what was to prove a much longer family connection with No. 38, after the Duke of Manchester's departure.

The Childs were goldsmiths, before they became bankers, at the sign of the Marygold, and so, I believe, were the Hoares, their near neighbours in Fleet Street.

Sir Francis Child, who has been called, with some reason, the father of his profession, was born so long ago as 1642. He lived at Fulham, no doubt in order to be within easy driving distance of his business in Fleet Street. After the Marygold became a bank, the ledgers of the firm, full of entries of goldsmiths' accounts and pawnbrokers' pledges, were stored, as they became obsolete, in old Temple Bar. Robert Child came to Berkeley Square, as a young man, in 1768. Shortly before his death he had a shock from which he never recovered.

The story runs that the young Lord Westmorland, known to his intimate friends as "rapid" Westmorland,' greatly admired the banker's only daughter, but without openly declaring his intentions.

Dining one night with Mr. Child at No. 38, he said to his host: “If you were in love with a girl, and her father would not let you marry her, what would you do?"

"Do?” Why, run away with her, of course!" was the prompt reply.

Young Westmorland, who was only twenty-two, forthwith planned an elopement with Miss Child, and, on a May morning in 1782, she walked deliberately out of her father's house carrying in her hand a small parcel.

A little school-room maid, whom she had taken into her confidence, had a hackney coach waiting round the corner to convey her young mistress to the protecting arms of her expectant lover.

He, also, was in readiness with the orthodox post-chaise which figures in so many of the elopement stories of the period. This she entered without demur or delay and away they drove in hot haste towards Gretna Green.

As soon as her flight was discovered in Berkeley Square a hue and cry was set on foot. Mr. Child, quite accurately guessing his daughter's probable destination, went off in pursuit in a second post-chaise, preceded by a mounted messenger who, by dint of hard riding, managed to overtake the runaways somewhere near Rokeby, in Yorkshire.

"Shoot, my Lord, shoot!" cried Miss Child, who seems to have been a strong-minded girl for her age-she was only seventeen at the time-whereon Lord Westmorland frustrated any attempt at discussion by firing a couple of pistol shots at the approaching messenger.

Mr. Child, rapidly nearing the scene of action, saw his trusty servant's horse fall dead by the road-side whereupon he turned back, realising that further pursuit was hopeless. He declared, subsequently to the marriage, which was solemnized over the border, that no one bearing the name of Westmorland should ever be his heir. Yet, unwilling to disinherit his own descendants, he left the whole of his vast fortune to the first daughter of the runaway pair who should be christened Sarah and take upon herself the name of Child.

Mr. Child died at the early age of 43, less than three months after his daughter's elopement, nor did the young Lady Westmorland enjoy a long married life. She died, aged only twenty-eight, at the Lodge in the Phoenix Park, Dublin, during her husband's Vice-Royalty of Ireland. Lord Westmorland married again, and not so happily, and lived till 1841, having become totally blind in his old age.

Correspondence of Lord Burgersh - By John Faneth Westmorland - p. 1
JOHN FANE. Lord Burghersh, was the only son of the tenth Earl of Westmorland and Sarah, only child and heiress of Robert Child, banker, whose marriage at Gretna Green on May 20th, 1782, was an eighteenth-century romance. Enough to say here that, being very much in love and brooking no opposition, Lord Westmorland and his bride fled to Scotland, Mr. Child in hot pursuit. He arrived over the border too late; his daughter was already Lady Westmorland. Furious at the frustration of his desire for her to make what he considered a suitable alliance, Mr. Child made a will leaving his immense fortune and fine property at Osterley Park in the female line, so that no heir of his son-in-law should benefit by it. He had naturally wished for a son-in-law who would be able to take over the conduct of the banking house, impossible in those days for a man of Lord Westmorland s position, to say nothing of the fact that he was somewhat of a spendthrift. A year later, a reconciliation having taken place, Mr. Child intended to alter the will, but died suddenly before doing so.

John Fane
10th Earl of Westmoreland