Birth: 9 August 1805

Place or Registered Place of Birth: Whitchurch, Hampshire

Baptism: Not Known

Place of Baptism: Not Known

Death: 14 February 1890

Place or Registered Place of Death: Frognal, Chislehurst, Kent

Father: John Thomas Townshend

Mother: Caroline Elizabeth Letitia Clements

Spouse(s): Emily Caroline Paget

Date of Marriage: 4 August 1832

Place or Registered Place of Marriage: St. James, Westminster, Middlesex


Viscount Sydney of Upton St. Leonard's, Co. Gloucester, and Baron Sydney of Chislehurst, Co. Kent, in the Peerage of Great Britain; P.C., Captain of her Majesty's Corps of Yeomen of the Guard, Colonel of the Kent Militia Artillery, and Lieutenant-Colonel Commandant of the West Kent Yeomanry Cavalry, b 9 Aug. 1805, succeeded 20 Jan. 1831, m. 4 Aug. 1832, Lady Emily-Caroline Paget, 6th daughter of Henry-William, 1st Marquis of Anglesey, 6. 4 March 1810.

Thomas Townshend, (d.1800), inherited the Frognal estate in 1780. A politician, he served in the government formed by Lord Shelburne ( Prime Minister 1782-1783) as Home Secretary, when he was created 1st Lord Sydney of Chislehurst. He subsequently held the same office in the government of William Pitt, and was created Ist Viscount Sydney in 1789. As Home Secretary, he had responsibility for the Colonies and a recently discovered harbour in New South Wales, Australia was named Sydney in his honour.

He was succeeded by his son John Thomas Townshend as 2nd Viscount Sydney, who also inherited the Frognal estate and carried out many alterations to the house. The present table was almost certainly acquired by him during the course of these alterations. He died in 1831 and was succeeded by his son, John Robert Townsend as 3rd Viscount Sydney.

The 3rd Viscount pursued a career in the Royal Household serving as both Lord Chamberlain (1859-1866, and 1868-1874) and Lord Steward (1880-1885). He died childless in 1890, after an illness of nearly four weeks, and his titles became extinct. His property passed to his nephew the Hon. Robert Marsham Townshend on whose death in 1914, Frognal (see illustration) and many of its principal contents were sold.

John Robert Townshend, Viscount Sydney of St. Leonard’s (1789), Baron Sydney of Chislehurst (1783). Born 9 August 1805, educated at Eton and St. John’s College, Cambridge; M.A., 1824. M.P. for Whitchurch, 1826-31. Groom of the Bedchamber, 18 January 1828-30. Succeeded to the peerage, 20 January 1831; married Emily Caroline, sixth daughter of Henry William Paget, first Marquis of Anglesey, August, 1832. Lord of the Bedchamber, January to April, 1835; Lord in Waiting, 1841-46. Sworn in as Captain of the Yeomen of the Guard 30 December 1852; resigned 17 March 1858 (at this time commissions by purchase ceased), signed by Sydney; Privy Councillor, 1853; Colonel of the Kent Artillery Militia, 1853; Lord Lieutenant of Kent, 1856-90; first Plenipotentiary of the Specials Mission with Garter to King Leopold II of Belgium, invested at Brussels, 12 February 1856; Lord Chamberlain of the Household, 1859-66; again, Deal Castle, 1879-90; Lord Steward of the Household, 1880-85; again, February to August 1886. Died at Frognal, Footscray, Kent, 14 February 1890 aged 84.

Sir John Robert Townshend
Earl Sydney