Birth: 1838 - March Quarter
Place or Registered Place of Birth: Camberwell, Surrey
Baptism: Not Known
Place of Baptism: Not Known
Death: 29 December 1918
Place or Registered Place of Death: The Grove, Park Lane, Harbourne, Edgbaston, Warwickshire
Father: Joseph Chamberlain (1796-1874)
Mother: Caroline Harben (1808-1875)
Spouse(s): William Kenrick
Date of Marriage: 26 August 1862
Place or Registered Place of Marriage: Unity Church, Islington, London, Middlesex
Cecily Kenrick (1869-1950)
Gerald William Kenrick (1876-1953)
Sister of Joseph Chamberlain (8 July 1836 – 2 July 1914) who was an influential British businessman, politician, and statesman.
Both Mary and Joseph were born in Camberwell in London to a successful shoemaker and manufacturer also named Joseph (1796–1874).
In his early years Chamberlain was a radically minded Liberal Party member, a campaigner for educational reform, and President of the Board of Trade. He later became a Liberal Unionist in alliance with the Conservative Party and was appointed Colonial Secretary. At the end of his career he led the tariff reform campaign. Despite never becoming Prime Minister, he is regarded as one of the most important British politicians of the late 19th century and early 20th century, as well as a colourful character and renowned orator.
He was the father of Sir Austen Chamberlain and Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain.
In 1860, Chamberlain met and fell in love with Harriet Kenrick, the daughter of a Unitarian family from Birmingham who originally occupied Wynn Hall in Ruabon, Wrexham, Wales. In July 1861, the couple married and a daughter, Beatrice, was born in May 1862. In October 1863, having had a premonition that she would die in childbirth, Harriet gave birth to a son, Joseph Austen, the future Chancellor of the Exchequer and Foreign Secretary. Two days after Austen's birth Harriet became ill. She died three days later. Gripped with grief, Chamberlain devoted himself to the growing fortunes of Nettlefold and Chamberlain, while raising Beatrice and Austen with the Kenrick parents-in-law.
In 1868, Chamberlain married for the second time, wedding Harriet's cousin, Florence Kenrick. The marriage was as successful and joyous for Chamberlain as the first, and bore four children: Arthur Neville in 1869, Ida in 1870, Hilda in 1871, and Ethel, born in 1873. On 13 February 1875, Florence gave birth to their fifth child. By the next day both she and her child had died. Florence's sister Louisa married Joseph's brother Arthur Chamberlain; their granddaughter was the author Elizabeth Longford and their great-granddaughter is the Labour politician Harriet Harman.